This panel discussion, with examples from Montana and New Mexico, examines how fiscal policies have failed rural communities.
State and federal fiscal policies hurt rural communities by limiting how local governments can grow, diversify, and invest revenue.
Where rural recreation counties rely on public funding for health care, fiscal solutions should diversify the ways local governments can save and spend.
The bipartisan Forest Health for Rural Stability Act would establish a federal land endowment and resolve key challenges of federal land payments to counties.
Analysis shows raising Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) population limits for small-population counties would have increased total payments by $2 million in 2019.
Reforming county payments by establishing a permanent Trust to fund Secure Rural Schools (SRS).
Coal fiscal policies vary widely across the West in terms of how revenue is generated, set aside in permanent savings, or spent by state and local governments.
New analysis and interactive map show how the President’s budget proposal cuts county payments and the impact for every county in the nation.
Unlike most countries and state governments, the U.S. has not created a natural resources trust which could help meet volatility and spending challenges facing local and county governments.
Explore the Socioeconomic Context of the Federal Coal Leasing Program
County governments are compensated for the tax-exempt status of federal public lands within their boundaries. These payments often constitute a significant portion of county and school budgets, particularly in rural counties with extensive public land ownership.
How national wildlife refuge payments–especially important to rural counties–could be reformed and funded.
How county governments can benefit from reforming wildlife refuge payments.
Analysis shows that proposed federal royalty reforms will increase the cost of delivering natural gas to domestic power plants by a greater amount than coal.
The proposed federal coal royalty reform rule could have substantial revenue benefits for federal and state governments, limited impact on coal production or prices on federal lands, and increased transparency.
Reform ideas for future county payments from Headwaters Economics as well analysis of proposals made in the House, Senate, and by the President.
The Office of Natural Resources Revenue recently proposed a new rule that would change the way federal coal is valued for royalty purposes. Will it hurt the industry? Yes and No.
This report includes seven major energy-producing states and a new interactive adds four more (AR, LA, and PA). The study and interactive compare how local governments receive production tax revenue from unconventional oil and natural gas.
This report reviews problems with the current federal royalty system, estimates current effective royalty rates, and offers several reform options.
Compared to other nations and even U.S. states, the federal government is a conspicuous laggard in creating a natural resources trust which would allow for stable, permanent, and ever rising payments to states and local governments without risks to taxpayers.