This report estimates the job creation resulting from the construction of bicycle and pedestrian facilities such as bike paths, trails, sidewalks, and related projects. Based on data from transportation and public works departments in 11 cities with 58 projects, the author estimated that on average, these infrastructure projects create 9 in-state jobs for each $1 million of spending and an additional 3 jobs if out-of-state effects are included. Bicycle-only infrastructure projects contributed to the highest level of job creation.
Garrett-Peltier, H. 2011. Pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure. A national study of employment impacts. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Political Economy Research Institute.