Year: 2018

Newsletter: December 2018

— Our latest research, Newsletter: December 2018, contains research on building wildfire-resistant homes, a trails toolkit, helping communities reduce wildfire risk through land use planning, and Montana's outdoor recreation economy.

read moreof Newsletter: December 2018
trails toolkit
Report

Trails Toolkit: Helping Communities Invest Wisely

— Communities and local leaders can utilize this trails toolkit to better understand whether and how trails can accomplish local goals, along with the cost and benefits of proposed projects.

read moreof Trails Toolkit: Helping Communities Invest Wisely

Neighborhoods at Risk

— Integrate socioeconomic and climate data to map neighborhoods at risk in selected cities.

read moreof Neighborhoods at Risk
Report

Montana’s Outdoor Recreation Economy

— A new report highlights the role of Montana’s outdoor recreation economy in spending, jobs, and economic diversification.

read moreof Montana’s Outdoor Recreation Economy

Newsletter: October 2018

— Our latest research, Newsletter: October 2018, contains research on Austin wildfires and vulnerable populations, watershed and recreation best practices, San Luis Valley and wildfire, and diversifying Bonner County, Idaho's economy.

read moreof Newsletter: October 2018
Report

San Luis Valley Wildfire Risk

— Explore interactive maps of watersheds, wildfire, and the wildland-urban interface in Colorado’s San Luis Valley.

read moreof San Luis Valley Wildfire Risk
Report

Austin Wildfire and Vulnerable Populations Tool

— Identify neighborhoods where overlapping wildfire threats and socioeconomic vulnerabilities may make people disproportionately susceptible to wildfire.

read moreof Austin Wildfire and Vulnerable Populations Tool
Headwaters-staff-Chris-Mehl
Chris Mehl
Blog

City Trails: Improving Equitable Access

— Urban trail efforts increasingly are focusing on providing equitable access to trails. Trails and parks can create substantial benefits for public health, property values, and quality of life.

read moreof City Trails: Improving Equitable Access

Populations at Risk

— Populations at Risk quickly and easily generates and downloads reports about populations more likely to experience adverse social, health, or economic outcomes.

read moreof Populations at Risk
Report

New Montana Homes Increase Wildfire Risks

— The number of western Montana homes in areas with high wildfire hazard has doubled, outpacing development rates in areas with low wildfire hazard.

read moreof New Montana Homes Increase Wildfire Risks

Newsletter: June 2018

— Our latest research on the economic impact of National Parks, homes in high-risk wildfire areas in Montana, updated socioeconomic reports by sector, and downloadable economic profiles for communities near National Forests.

read moreof Newsletter: June 2018
DataViz

National Parks Economic Impacts

— Explore National Parks economic impacts from estimated visits, jobs, and labor income created by visitor spending in National Park Service lands.

read moreof National Parks Economic Impacts
old faithful, yellowstone
Report

Economic Impact of National Parks

— This interactive and background materials show visits, spending, and the number of jobs created in gateway communities for every National Park Service unit.

read moreof Economic Impact of National Parks

Newsletter: May 2018

— Our latest research on the full local cost of wildfires, National Monuments redesignated as National Parks, transition plans for coal communities, Gallatin County's economy and open space, and measuring the economic impact of proposed trails.

read moreof Newsletter: May 2018
Report

Coal Communities Lack Strong Transition Plans

— A recent review published in the Resources Policy journal with researchers at Montana State University shows that coal communities lack strong transition plans and largely are unprepared for coming changes.

read moreof Coal Communities Lack Strong Transition Plans
Report

Full Community Costs of Wildfire

— Almost half of the full community costs of wildfire are paid for at the local level, including homeowners, businesses, and government agencies.

read moreof Full Community Costs of Wildfire
Report

Impact of National Monuments Redesignated National Parks

— Investigating the economic effects of National Monuments redesignated National Parks, and the potential impact of converting the White Sands National Monument to a National Park.

read moreof Impact of National Monuments Redesignated National Parks
Report

Gallatin County’s Economy, Growth, and Open Space

— This report summarizes Gallatin County's economy, how it has grown, and what is driving its performance. The report also describes how growth threatens open space and the role these lands play in local quality of life.

read moreof Gallatin County’s Economy, Growth, and Open Space
Report

Montana Losing Open Space

— From 1990 to 2016, the number of single-family homes in Montana grew by 50 percent, and the popularity of large lots converted 1.3 million acres of undeveloped land to housing.

read moreof Montana Losing Open Space

Newsletter: April 2018

— Our latest research on communities threatened by wildfires, Montana losing open space to home construction, the economic impact of trails in Whitefish, Montana, and an update to our Populations at Risk reports for any community, county, or state.

read moreof Newsletter: April 2018
DataViz

Communities Threatened by Wildfire, 2000-2017

— The interactive map identifies frequently threatened towns and cities, including the different sizes and distances of wildfires from nearby communities.

read moreof Communities Threatened by Wildfire, 2000-2017
Report

Estimating Trail Use

— By pairing limited, local surveys with activity tracking app data, we are estimating trail use across large areas.

read moreof Estimating Trail Use
Report

Benefits of a Frontage Path in Gallatin County, Montana

Updated: This report describes the benefits of a frontage path--a proposed paved, multi-use pathway connecting Belgrade and Bozeman along an approximately ten-mile stretch of U.S. Highway 10 in Gallatin County.

read moreof Benefits of a Frontage Path in Gallatin County, Montana

Newsletter: February 2018

— Our latest research on the benefits of trails to communities, creating an endowment to provide stable federal county payments, the Taos County economy, and mapping vulnerable populations whether in Great Lakes cities or with wildfire risk in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

read moreof Newsletter: February 2018
trails research
Report

Trails Research and Searchable Benefits Library

— Headwaters Economics compiled more than 130 trails research studies on the impacts of trails in a single library, searchable by type of benefit, use, year, and region.

read moreof Trails Research and Searchable Benefits Library
Report

Economic Challenges and Opportunities in Taos County

— The economic challenges and opportunities in Taos County stem from being both a bustling mountain resort town, and a rural community facing long-term socioeconomic challenges.

read moreof Economic Challenges and Opportunities in Taos County
Trail Study

Park-Based Afterschool Program to Improve Cardiovascular Health and Physical Fitness in Children with Disabilities

— In Miami-Dade County, Florida, an afterschool, park-based program is effective in improving physical fitness among a sample of 52 children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Afterschool programs may be an effective strategy to increase physical activity among disabled children, who tend to be less physically active than their non-disabled peers.

read moreof Park-Based Afterschool Program to Improve Cardiovascular Health and Physical Fitness in Children with Disabilities
Trail Study

Children with Attention Deficits Concentrate Better After Walk in the Park

— A formal walking program for children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) finds that low-intensity walks in an urban park are associated with significantly greater improvement in cognitive function than similar walks in residential or downtown settings. The improvements measured are on par with improvements associated with the most typical medications prescribed for ADHD, and cognitive performance for participants after walking is comparable to the average performance of children who have not been diagnosed with ADHD.

read moreof Children with Attention Deficits Concentrate Better After Walk in the Park
Trail Study

Reducing Childhood Obesity Through Coordinated Care: Development of a Park Prescription Program

— In Miami-Dade County, Florida, researchers evaluated the structure of a pilot project connecting children, families, and their pediatricians to a park-based afterschool program. This study describes important factors encouraging ongoing support from participating families and pediatricians, as well as ways to measure the effectiveness of prescription parks programs.

read moreof Reducing Childhood Obesity Through Coordinated Care: Development of a Park Prescription Program
Trail Study

Impact of a Park-Based Afterschool Program Replicated Over Five Years on Modifiable Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors

— A daily afterschool program in Miami-Dade County, Florida observes significant decreases in body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure between the beginning and end of the school year. Findings from this research suggest consistent, long-term afterschool programs can effectively reduce childhood obesity and cardiovascular disease risk.

read moreof Impact of a Park-Based Afterschool Program Replicated Over Five Years on Modifiable Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
Trail Study

Examining Group Walks in Nature and Multiple Aspects of Well-Being: A Large-Scale Study

— In this large-scale study of participants in a formal walking program in the U.K., researchers find that participants in nature-based group walks are less likely to report experiencing depression, perceived stress, and negative affect, and report greater overall mental well-being. By comparing a large sample of participants and non-participants over time, the authors overcome some inherent challenges in measuring the effectiveness of these types of programs.

read moreof Examining Group Walks in Nature and Multiple Aspects of Well-Being: A Large-Scale Study
Trail Study

Enchanted Circle Trails: Final Survey Results

— In Taos, New Mexico, Hispanic residents and low-income residents are less likely to have used trails during the previous year, but those who have used trails during the previous year use them just as often as other (non-Hispanic) residents. Among low-income residents, those with a park or trail within a 10-minute walk of their house were 50 percent more likely to have used trails during the previous year.

read moreof Enchanted Circle Trails: Final Survey Results
Trail Study

Parks and Park Funding in Los Angeles: An Equity-Mapping Analysis

— In Los Angeles, historic land use policies that emphasized low-density housing and did not prioritize public park spaces have led to significant inequities of park access across race, ethnicity, and income. A fund designed to improve access to public parks could exacerbate this problem unless it considers proposals for nontraditional public spaces such as schoolyards and vacant lots, because there is very little available park space in the most underserved neighborhoods.

read moreof Parks and Park Funding in Los Angeles: An Equity-Mapping Analysis
Trail Study

Childhood Obesity and Proximity to Urban Parks and Recreational Resources: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

— By following a large sample of children over time, this study demonstrates that children who participate in recreation programs, or who live a walkable distance from parks, are much less likely to be obese or overweight. These benefits can be achieved through formal parks and programs, but also through accessible green space or other small, informal places that encourage informal play.

read moreof Childhood Obesity and Proximity to Urban Parks and Recreational Resources: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Trail Study

Effect of Exposure to Natural Environment on Health Inequalities: An Observational Population Study

— Research has established that low-income people tend to have higher mortality rates than high-income residents. This study across all of England demonstrates that this gap in mortality rate is about half the size in areas with the most green space compared to areas with the least green space.

read moreof Effect of Exposure to Natural Environment on Health Inequalities: An Observational Population Study
Trail Study

Neighborhood Income Matters: Disparities in Community Recreation Facilities, Amenities, and Programs

— At a sample of recreation centers in southern California, researchers find that several measures of facility condition and amenities are better in high-income neighborhoods relative to low-income neighborhoods. The likelihood that a child uses the recreation center increases 23 percent for each $10,000 increase in neighborhood income, but the authors do not find a relationship between the quality of the facility and participation rates.

read moreof Neighborhood Income Matters: Disparities in Community Recreation Facilities, Amenities, and Programs
Trail Study

Neighborhood Poverty, Park Use, and Park-Based Physical Activity in a Southern California City

— A large study of 50 urban parks in Southern California measures park use by nearby residents and other users across high-, medium-, and low-poverty areas, finding that parks are used less in high-poverty areas. Those who do use parks in high-poverty areas, however, on average use the parks more per week, are more likely to see familiar people in the parks, and use the parks more when there are more staff present.

read moreof Neighborhood Poverty, Park Use, and Park-Based Physical Activity in a Southern California City