All Research Reports (141)


Trails Research and Searchable Benefits Library

To help community leaders, elected officials, trail users, and others better understand the benefits of trails Headwaters Economics compiled more than 90 studies on the impacts of trails in a single library, searchable by type of benefit, use, year, and region.

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Med-western US states

Unconventional Oil and Gas Revenues to Local Governments

The report includes seven major energy-producing states and a new interactive adds four (AR, LA, PA, and UT) to compare how local governments receive production tax revenue from unconventional oil and natural gas.

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What Do Local Governments Receive from Oil and Gas Production Taxes?

Revenues and distributions vary by state policy, land ownership, and well productivity. Interactive shows results for 16 major unconventional plays in the U.S.

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Socioeconomics and Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region

This UPDATED interactive shows how the social and economic characteristics of the Great Lakes Region are impacted by regionally specific changes in climate. It was developed in partnership with the Great Lakes Adaptation Assessment for Cities at the University of Michigan.

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County Payments Timeline

County Payments Research

NEW INTERACTIVE: Shows trends, context, analysis, and policy options concerning federal land payments for every county and state.

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Federal Coal Royalty Valuation: Current Structure, Effective Rates, and Reform Options

This report analyzes how revenues from federal coal are obtained, reviews problems with the current system, estimates current effective royalty rates, and offers several reform options.

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Arch at sunrise, Grand County, Utah

The Economic Value of Public Lands in Grand County, Utah

This updated report analyzes the economic value of public lands in Grand County, Utah and the important role that these lands play for local businesses and elected officials because of the close tie between public land resources and the well-being of the region’s economy.

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County Payments: History, Context, and Policy

These intreractive maps show how federal land payments are distributed to counties and states. The Payments History maps show current payments, recent trends, and payments as a percent of county budgets. The Policy Options map projects the change in these payments if SRS is not reauthorized.

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Red Eagle Mountain, Montana

Haymakers Report: Montana’s Economy, Public Lands, and Competitive Advantage

This report summarizes Montana’s economy, analyzing how it has grown and what is driving its performance, including a description of how federal lands help attract people, investment, and businesses.

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Migration & Population Trends in the West Vary by County Type

County migration and population trends in the West constantly change due to demographic and economic forces. We summarize counties into four types: high-wage services, farm-dependent, oil and natural gas boom, and retirement destinations.

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