Trails Benefits Library

This Trails Benefits Library is a collection of studies on the positive impacts of trails on businesses, public health, and quality of life. Use this form to search by type of benefit, use, year, and region.

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Benefit

Use

Year

Region

Studies found (4) for International:

Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study

→Summary & Interpretation

Year:
Benefits studied:
Uses studied: ,
Overview: This large study of U.K. residents finds that those who walk or bike to work have significantly lower incidence of and mortality from cancer and cardiovascular disease. Those who incorporate cycling into their commute had the greatest reduction in risk of disease incidence and mortality.
States:
Place: England, Scotland, and Wales
Citation: Celis-Morales, C.A., Lyall, D.M., Welsh, P., Anderson, J., Steell, L., Guo, Y., Maldonado, R., Mackay, D.F., Pell, J.P., Sattar, N. and Gill, J.M., 2017. Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study. BMJ 357:j1456.

Examining Group Walks in Nature and Multiple Aspects of Well-Being: A Large-Scale Study

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Year:
Benefits studied:
Uses studied:
Overview: In this large-scale study of participants in a formal walking program in the U.K., researchers find that participants in nature-based group walks are less likely to report experiencing depression, perceived stress, and negative affect, and report greater overall mental well-being. By comparing a large sample of participants and non-participants over time, the authors overcome some inherent challenges in measuring the effectiveness of these types of programs.
States:
Place: U.K.-wide
Citation: Marselle, M.R., Irvine, K.N. and Warber, S.L., 2014. Examining group walks in nature and multiple aspects of well-being: A large-scale study. Ecopsychology 6(3): 134-147.

What is the best dose of nature and green exercise for improving mental health? A multi-study analysis.

→Summary & Interpretation

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Benefits studied:
Uses studied: , , ,
Overview: Combining data from 10 U.K. studies, researchers demonstrated statistically significant improvements in self-esteem and mood after participants exercised outside in a natural setting. Although all cohorts and types of settings experienced improvements, the greatest gains are visible after short duration, light exercise, and among the mentally ill.
States:
Place: 10 locations across the U.K.
Citation: Barton, J., and J. Pretty. 2010. "What is the best dose of nature and green exercise for improving mental health? A multi-study analysis." Environmental Science and Technology 44(10): 3947-3955.

Effect of Exposure to Natural Environment on Health Inequalities: An Observational Population Study

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Year:
Benefits studied: ,
Uses studied:
Overview: Research has established that low-income people tend to have higher mortality rates than high-income residents. This study across all of England demonstrates that this gap in mortality rate is about half the size in areas with the most green space compared to areas with the least green space.
States:
Place: U.K.-wide
Citation: Mitchell, R. and Popham, F., 2008. Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population study. The Lancet 372(9650): 1655-1660.